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Russia starts blocking Telegram messenger



The watchdog, Roskomnadzor, said in a statement on its website that it had sent telecoms operators a notification about blocking access to Telegram inside Russia.

The service, set up by a Russian entrepreneur, has more than 200 million global users and is ranked as the world’s ninth most popular mobile messaging app.

A Roskomnadzor official said it would take several hours to complete the operation to block access, Interfax news agency said.

In Moscow, the Telegram app was still functioning as normal by mid-afternoon on Monday, but the company’s website had been blocked by two of Russia’s biggest service providers, MTS (MBT.N)(MTSS.MM) and Megafon (MFON.MM).

Both MTS and Megafon declined to comment.

Roskomnadzor was implementing a decision handed down on Friday by a Russian court, which ruled that Telegram should be blocked because it was in violation of Russian regulations.

Telegram has repeatedly refused to comply with requests to give Russia’s Federal Security Service (FSB) access to its users’ encrypted messages.

The FSB has said it needs such access to guard against security threats such as terrorist attacks. But Telegram said compliance would violate users’ privacy.

Telegram’s founder and CEO, Pavel Durov, said the ban would damage the quality of lives of 15 million Russians and do nothing to improve Russia’s security.

“The terrorist threat in Russia will stay at the same level, because extremists will continue to use encrypted communication channels – in other messengers, or through a VPN,” he said.

“We consider the ban decision anti-constitutional and will continue to defend the right to secret correspondence for Russians.”

Durov was a pioneer of social media in Russia but left the country in 2014. He has since been a vocal critic of the Kremlin’s policies on Internet freedom.

Telegram is widely used in countries across the former Soviet Union and Middle East.

As well as being popular with journalists and members of Russia’s political opposition, Telegram is also used by the Kremlin to communicate with reporters and arrange regular conference calls with President Vladimir Putin’s spokesman.

On Monday, the spokesman’s office asked journalists who were previously subscribed to a chat in Telegram to switch to a chat that had been set up in a different messaging service, ICQ, which is part of the Russian technology group (MAILRq.L).


Source: Reuters

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Twitter doesn’t care that someone is building a bot army in Southeast Asia



Facebook’s  lack of attention to how third parties are using its service to reach users ended with CEO Mark Zuckerberg taking questions from congressional committees. With that in mind, you’d think that others in the social media space might be more attentive than usual to potentially malicious actors on their platforms.

Twitter,  however, is turning the other way and insisting all is normal in Southeast Asia, despite the emergence of thousands of bot-like accounts that have followed prominent users in the region en masse over the past month.

Scores of reporters and Twitter users with large followers — yours truly included — have noticed swarms of accounts with generic names, no profile photo, no bio and no tweets that have followed them over the past month.

These accounts might be evidence of a new “bot farm” — the creation of large numbers of accounts for sale or usage on-demand, which Twitter has cracked down on — or the groundwork for more nefarious activities, it’s too early to tell.

In what appears to be the first regional Twitter bot campaign, a flood of suspicious new followers has been reported by users across Southeast Asia and beyond, including Thailand, Myanmar CambodiaHong Kong, China, Taiwan and Sri Lankaamong other places.

While it is true that the new accounts have done nothing yet, the fact that a large number of newly created accounts have popped up out of nowhere with the aim of following the region’s most influential voices should be enough to concern Twitter. Especially since this is Southeast Asia, a region where Facebook is beset with controversies — from its role inciting ethnic hatred in Myanmarto allegedly assisting censors in Vietnamwitnessing users jailed for violating lese majeste in Thailand and aiding the election of controversial Philippines leader Duterte.

Then there are governments themselves. Vietnam has pledged to build a cyber army to combat “wrongful views,” while other regimes in Southeast Asia have clamped down on social media users.

Despite that, Twitter isn’t commenting.

The U.S. company issued a no comment to TechCrunch when we asked for further information about this rush of new accounts, and what action Twitter will take.

A source close to the company suggested that the sudden accumulation of new followers is “a pretty standard sign-up, or onboarding, issue” that is down to new accounts selecting to follow the suggested accounts that Twitter proposes during the new account creation process.

Twitter is more than 10 years old, and since this is the first example of this happening in Southeast Asia that explanation already seems inadequate at face value. More generally, the dismissive approach seems particularly naive. Twitter should be looking into the issue more closely, even if for now the apparent bot army isn’t being put to use yet.

Facebook is considered to be the internet by many in Southeast Asia, and the social network is considerably more popular than Twitter in the region, but there remains a cause for concern here.

“If we’ve learned anything from the Facebook scandal, it’s that what can at first seem innocuous can be leveraged to quite insidious and invasive effect down the line,” Francis Wade, who recently published a book on violence in Myanmar, told the Financial Times this week. “That makes Twitter’s casual dismissal of concerns around this all the more unsettling.”


Source: TechCrunch

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Twitter bans ads from Russia’s Kaspersky Lab



Twitter confirmed the ban in an email to Reuters after Kaspersky Lab co-founder Eugene Kaspersky disclosed the development in a blog post on Friday, saying that the company learned of the ban in early January.

The ban follows charges by Washington that Kaspersky Lab has close ties to intelligence agencies in Moscow and its software could be used to enable Russian spying, which prompted the Trump administration to ban its products from U.S. government networks.

Kaspersky Lab has repeatedly denied those allegations, saying it will open up its code for inspection so that experts can hunt for vulnerabilities in its products that could be exploited by intelligence agencies, and it has asked a U.S. federal court to overturn the American ban.

Eugene Kaspersky said in his blog post that he was surprised by Twitter’s ban and asked the company to reconsider.

“We haven’t violated any written – or unwritten – rules, and our business model is quite simply the same template business model that’s used throughout the whole cybersecurity industry: We provide users with products and services, and they pay us for them,” he said.

Department of Homeland Security cyber-security official Jeanette Manfra said her agency has not instructed U.S. companies to punish Kaspersky.

“We laid out a very transparent process and how we came to our decision,” to ban Kaspersky products from government networks, she said at a panel at the RSA security conference in San Francisco. “I would defer to the companies for how they made their decisions.”

Kaspersky said in an email that Twitter was the only social media company to ban its ads.

But other social media companies have taken action regarding Kaspersky Lab.


Facebook Inc (FB.O) in January said it had removed Kaspersky Lab from a list of anti-virus offerings to users.

When asked to explain its ban, Twitter said in an email, “This decision is based on our determination that Kaspersky Lab operates using a business model that inherently conflicts with acceptable Twitter Ads business practices.”

Twitter also said it was responding to a Department of Homeland Security warning of a threat to national security posed by Russian government access to Kaspersky products.

It is rare for Twitter to ban specific advertisers. In October it banned Russian media outlets Russia Today and Sputnik, accusing them of interfering in the 2016 U.S. elections. Last month, Twitter banned cryptocurrency ads.

Reporting by Jim Finkle in Toronto and David Ingram in San Francisco; additional reporting by Dustin Volz in San Francisco; editing by David Gregorio and Jonathan Oatis

Source: Reuters

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Social media use is increasing despite privacy fears – Report



The latest in my ongoing series of Global Digital reports for We Are Social and Hootsuite shows that the number of people around the world using social media grew by more than 100 million in the first three months of 2018, reaching almost 3.3 billion by the end of March.

There’s loads of new data to cover in this quarter’s analysis, and I’ve saved some of the best numbers for the end of this article too — a massive breakdown of Twitter users — so go grab a coffee and get comfortable before you begin.

Essential stats

There was plenty of strong growth across all things digital in the first quarter of 2018.

The number of internet users rose by 276 million between January and March, reaching a total of 4.087 billion by the end of the quarter.

More than 5 billion people around the world now use a mobile phone, with roughly 6 in 10 of those users owning a smartphone.

The numbers show that mobile users grew by roughly 2 percent in the 12 months to March, but GSMA Intelligence recalibrated its dataset in February, so the actual growth figure may be even higher.

Meanwhile, mobile continues to grow its share of social media use, with 389 million people accessing social media via mobile for the first time in Q1.

This 14 percent increase takes the number of mobile social users well past the 3 billion mark, with the total standing at 3.087 billion at the start of the second quarter.

You’ll find the full set of Q2 data in the SlideShare embed below, but read on beyond that for richer context and analysis.

No sign of anti-social behavior

Despite mounting concerns about the amount of data collected by social media companies, the latest data show that social media growth is actually accelerating.

390 million new users signed up to a social platform in the twelve months to the end of March – that’s 8 percent faster than the same growth trend this time three months ago.

These trends mean that well over a million people are still signing up to social media for the first time every day – that’s about 12.4 new users every second.

What’s more, as I noted in my recent in-depth report, the Cambridge Analytica affair doesn’t seem to have affected growth trends in Facebook’s overall user numbers.

The platform has posted 3.2 percent growth in monthly active users (MAUs) since the start of 2018, with Facebook’s own advertising tool reporting a total of 2.234 billion global users at the end of March.

Specifically, that means that 67 million people have started using Facebookin the past 3 months alone.

That growth seems to be fairly consistent around the world as well – even in those countries most impacted by the Cambridge Analytica story.

10 million Americans started using Facebook between January and March, delivering an MAU increase of 4 percent in just 3 months.

The UK saw 1 million new Facebook user across the same time period, delivering quarter-on-quarter growth of 2 percent.

However, Facebook is seeing even faster growth in APAC.

India added 20 million new Facebook accounts since the start of the year (up 8 percent), while Indonesia saw an increase of 10 million users (also up 8 percent).

9 out of Facebook’s top 10 countries saw positive growth in MAU figures between January and March, with only Brazil staying steady at 130 million.

However, our latest set of numbers reveal some bad news for Zuck and team as well.

It’s official: young people really are leaving Facebook

The media have been reporting that young people are ‘deserting’ Facebook for some time, but this is the first time in the 7 years that I’ve been collecting this data that Facebook’s own numbers actually corroborate that story.

The latest data suggest that the number of 13 to 17-year-olds using Facebook dropped by 10 million since January – a fall of around 6.5 percent:

However, it’s worth noting that Facebook rounds the numbers it reports at this level to the nearest 10 million, so it’s likely that the actual drop was less than 10 million (for example, a drop from 176 to 174 million users would have resulted in the same reported figures).

More older people are joining Facebook

The good news for the Menlo Park crew is that the fall in teenage users has been more than offset by some impressive growth amongst older users.

Facebook added 17 million users aged 45 and above in the past three months, with 3 million of these aged 65 or over.

The median age of Facebook’s active users is still below 30, but this creeps up each day, especially given the changes among those younger users that we covered above.

What (and who) do Facebook users ‘like’?

Cristiano Ronaldo has the most ‘liked’ page on Facebook, with more than 120 million ‘fans’ (note that this figure may include users who are no longer active on the platform).

Ronaldo’s team, Real Madrid, takes second place in the Facebook page rankings, with almost 107 million page likes.

Shakira, FC Barcelona, and Vin Diesel have all surpassed 100 million Facebook likes too, while sports, music, and movies dominate the rest of the top 20.

However, despite these impressive numbers, some data in the platform’s own Insights tool shows that the typical Facebook user has only ever ‘liked’ one page.

This is a median figure (as opposed to an average), but it’s quite telling that most people don’t seem to be particularly interested in filling their Facebook feeds with updates from celebrities or sports teams, let alone with updates from brands or governments.

Interestingly, though, the same data set shows that the typical Facebook user clicks on 10 Facebook adverts every month, with women clicking on 12 paid placements in the average 30-day period.

Women are more likely to click ‘like’ on an individual post than men too. Facebook reports that the typical female user likes 13 posts a month, compared to just 9 likes for men.

Women are more likely to comment on Facebook content than men as well, with women making a median of 7 comments a month, compared to 4 for men.

Neither gender shares posts very often though; the latest data suggests that the typical user performs this action just once in any given month.

Facebook reach and engagement tumble

These insights into the activities of ‘typical’ Facebook users add some useful context to the latest data on user engagement from social media analytics firm Locowise.

The company reports that average engagement has dropped by 3 percent in the first 3 months of 2018, down from an average of 4.20 percent in 2017 to 4.08 percent across the first quarter of this year.

The firm’s data suggests that Facebook reach is falling even faster, with the average page reaching just 8.9 percent of its ‘fan base’ with each post in Q1, compared to an average of 10.7 percent across 2017 – a 17 percent relative drop.

For once, though, Facebook’s algorithm probably isn’t the primary cause of these steep drops.

Locowise’s data shows that 13 percent fewer pages invested in paid media in the first three months of 2018 compared to 2017 as a whole, possibly due to ongoing concerns about the Cambridge Analytica affair.

Organic reach saw a smaller drop of ‘just’ 10 percent in the same period – from 8.0 percent to 7.2 percent – which reinforces the hypothesis that the biggest dent in overall reach in Q1 came as a result of reduced paid media support.

WeChat passes the 1 billion user milestone

Since we published the in-depth Digital in 2018 report back in January, WeChat – or Weixin, as it’s known in mainland China – has passed the 1 billion active users milestone.

WeChat owner Tencent didn’t make a big deal of this announcement though, instead choosing to reveal the major achievement in the body text of its Q4 earnings update.

The latest numbers suggest that roughly 93 percent of WeChat’s users live within mainland China, which would mean that almost two-thirds of the country’s population now uses the app.

These latest numbers put WeChat in an elite club of just 5 platforms who claim a billion or more active users:


Instagram user numbers surge

Instagram looks set to be the next member of that elite ‘billion club,’ although it likely won’t reach that milestone for at least another few months.

The Facebook-owned platform reached 813 million MAUs by the end of March, an increase of more than 35 percent since this time last year.

It’s worth noting that Instagram’s user base is predominantly female (albeit only just), in contrast to the male-dominated user bases of both Facebook and Twitter.

Instagram also has a younger user base than these other social platforms, with the median age of Instagram’s users somewhere between 27 and 28.

India saw the fastest growth in Instagram users over the past 3 months, with 7 million new users delivering 13 percent growth since the start of 2018.

Germany saw similarly rapid growth, but the United States still managed to add the greatest number of new users, despite already being the platform’s top country.

Selena Gomez remains Instagram’s most popular account after the platform’s own stream.

With 135 million followers, Selena’s Instagram account now has 11 percent more ‘fans’ than Facebook’s top page, Cristiano Ronaldo, suggesting that Instagram users may be more comfortable following ‘third parties’ like celebrities than Facebook users are.

It’s worth noting that two consumer brands – National Geographic and Nike – both appear in the list of 20 most-followed accounts on Instagram too.

So, what about Twitter?

I promised I’d save some of the juiciest insights for last, so here we go: our first ever in-depth breakdown of Twitter’s global users by gender, age, and country.

The first thing to note is that Twitter’s users are more likely to be male, with women representing less than 43 percent of the platform’s total active user base.

Furthermore, as I noted earlier, Twitter’s users are generally older than those on Facebook and Instagram, with more than half of all Twitter users over the age of 30.

The platform actually has 40 percent more users over the age of 35 than it has users under the age of 25.

Overall, Twitter’s user growth has flattened in recent months, but it still achieved 5 percent year-on-year growth in the 12 months to the end of March.

The United States accounts for roughly 1 in 5 of Twitter’s users, but Japan is probably the company’s standout country story.

The latest data suggest that that platform now has more than 50 million users in the Land of the Rising Sun, up from 45 million in October 2017.

This means that Twitter penetration sits at an impressive 40 percent in Japan, which puts it second only to LINE, which claims a whopping 73 million active users in the country (57 percent penetration).

Globally, it’s interesting to note that more iOS users are active on Twitter than Android users, in sharp contrast to Facebook, where 70 percent of global users access the platform via an Android device.

This skew towards Apple devices may be partly because Twitter has historically been integrated into the fabric of iOS, although it’s unclear whether this integration will continue.

StatCounter reports that iOS is the market leader in the USA, Japan, and the UK, so Twitter’s geographic footprint may also play a role in shaping iOS’s share of users.

Meanwhile, Twitter sees much higher levels of access from laptop and desktop computers compared to Facebook: 17 percent of active users on Twitter, compared to just 9 percent on Facebook.

Despite Twitter’s smaller user base, three accounts have still managed to amass more than 100 million followers on the platform: Katy Perry (109 million followers), Justin Bieber (106 million followers), and Barack Obama (102 million followers).

For context, Donald Trump has less than half as many Twitter followers as Barack Obama.



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